Taken from Participation Editied by Claire Bishop who introduction on page16 firstly quotes Ranciere before her comment:

” “Spectatorship is not the passivity that has to be tunred into activity.  It is our normal situation. We learn and teach, we act we know as spectators who link what they see with what they have seen and told, done and dreamt. There is no privileged medium as there is no privileged starting point.” [Ranciere]

In calling for spectators who are active as interpreters, Ranciere implies that the politics of participation might best lie, not in anti-spectacular stagings of community [Big Society?] or in the claim that mere physical activity would correspond to emancipation, but in putting to work the idea that we are all equally capable of inventing our own translations.” [emphasis added]